Eye infections are pretty common these days considering the times we’re living in. And in the midst of the monsoon season, it’s best to follow some serious hygiene practices, especially when it comes to eye health. With the change in climate, the chances of contracting conjunctivitis are very high. Maintaining proper eye health and preventing your eyes from eye infections is the need of the hour. Eye infections are common because even the slightest of mistakes can cause bacteria to enter your eyes, resulting in itchiness, followed by redness and watery eyes.
So, if you’re keen on knowing about common eye infections during the monsoon season, how to identify them, signs and symptoms and how to prevent them using simple home remedies, keep reading.
Before we get into more details, let’s talk about the basics.
What Is An Eye Infection?
An eye infection is a bacterial or viral infection of the eye or the tissue surrounding the eye. Common eye infections include conjunctivitis which is also known as pink eye and blepharitis. While conjunctivitis affects the membrane that lines the inside of your eyelids and covers the whites of your eyes, blepharitis affects the eyelid margin. Even though infections of the cornea are not common, they can seriously affect your vision.
Also, if you’re wondering if age has anything to do with eye infections, here’s the thing, eye infections are possible at any age. So whether you’re 10, 18, or 40, you’re bound to contract an eye infection if you do not practice good hygiene.
Common Symptoms Of An Eye Infection
If you have an eye infection, you may experience these symptoms in either one or both eyes.
- Pain or discomfort
- Itchy eyes
- Eye pain when exposed to bright light
- Burning sensation in your eyes
- Watery eyes
- Yellow, green, or clear discharge from the eyes
- Swollen, inflamed or purple eyelids
- Blurry vision
Home Remedies To Prevent Eye Infections
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a highly contagious infection that exhibits itself in the form of inflammation of the outer layer of the sclera (white part of the eye) and inside the eyelid. Where treatment is concerned, it deals only with reducing the itchiness of the eyes. In most cases, it clears up on its own without treatment in just about two to five days.
Red or pink eyes, pain, and itching.
Allergens, virus (adults) and bacteria (kids)
Cold or warm compress
Soak a soft towel in cold or warm water (whatever you prefer) and then squeeze it out. Apply it to the eyes and let it rest there until the itching decreases. Use separate towels for each eye and use a new towel each time you do this.
Honey and water
Add equal parts of honey and water in a bowl and mix well. Now soak a few cotton balls in it and apply over your eyes. Do this two to three times every day till the symptoms subside.
A stye is a pimple-like reddish lump formed on the outer edge of your eyelid (could be either upper or lower eyelid or both). This occurs due to an infection in the oil glands present in the eyelids. No doubt it is very painful but it usually heals all by itself in a few days or at the most a few weeks without any treatment. And in cases where you feel that the pain is too overwhelming, follow these simple home remedies for quicker results.
Eyelid redness, puffy eyes, lump on the eyelid, eyelid pain and/or watery eyes
Bacterial infection in an oil gland or hair follicle on your eyelid
Soak a soft towel in warm water, squeeze out the excess water so that it is not dripping wet. Now place it over the eye for 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat this process several times a day for better results.
Black tea bags
Place a used black tea bag over the eye with the stye, but remember that you cannot use it directly, the tea bag needs to be cooled down (lukewarm) first. Let it stay for about 10 minutes. If you have a stye on both eyes, make sure you use a different tea bag for each eye.
Blepharitis is a non-contagious infection of the eye that results in inflammation along the edges of the eyelids. It commonly occurs when the tiny oily glands of the inner eyelids become inflamed and if accompanied by other skin conditions or allergies.
Red, itchy eyelids that may look crusted or greasy, frequent blinking, sensitivity to light, blurred vision.
Seborrheic dermatitis, that is, dandruff from the scalp and eyebrows, clogged oil glands, eyelash mites or lice and dry eyes
Soak a towel in warm water and squeeze out the excess water. Now gently place the towel and rub it on the eyelid. Repeat this process several times till you notice any improvement.
How To Prevent An Eye Infection From Happening Or Spreading Further?
1. Hygiene Maintainance
Maintain proper hygiene, that is, wash your hands properly before touching your eyes. If you’re out and do not have access to a washroom, you may even use a hand sanitizer to keep your hands clean.
2. No Sharing of Towels or Napkins
Never share your towels, pillows and/or handkerchiefs with anyone
3. Keep Your Eyewear Clean
Keep your eyeglasses and contact lenses clean and never share your cleaner and microfiber cloth
4. Avoid Eye Makeup
If your eyes get infected, say no to eye makeup and keep away from contact lenses